Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal 2022-12-31T16:47:58+00:00 Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal Open Journal Systems <p><a title="issn" href=""><strong>ISSN Online : 2622-1012</strong></a></p> <p>Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal (VBCJ) is a peer reviewed journal that has been publishing articles periodically in August and December each year since 2019. VBCJ accommodates articles in any field of veterinary and biomedical science, as well as veterinary case reports.</p> <p> </p> <p>Article type:</p> <ol> <li>Original research article</li> <li>Case report</li> <li>Short communication</li> <li>Review</li> </ol> Feline Calicivirus Infection with Chronic Stomatitis, Rhinitis and Otitis in a Bengal Cat in Indonesia 2022-05-29T02:45:39+00:00 Intan Permatasari Hermawan Donna Marie Leo <p>The purpose of this case study was to describes the infection with feline calicivirus manifested as chronic stomatitis, rhinitis and otitis in a Bengal cat. A cat was presented to the clinic due to inappetence, weakness, and frequent vomiting. It had never been vaccinated, and never been given anthelmintic. It had an open wound on its back, and purulent discharge was appearing in the ear and nose. Using an antigen test kit, Feline Calicivirus was tested positive for infection with Feline calicivirus. Therapies were given to relieve clinical signs however, the patient could not be saved. Prevention of feline calicivirus could be done by vaccination, as well as maintaining cleanliness of housing and equipment.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Intan Hermawan Efficacy of Shallots Infusion (Allium Cepa L.) as an Antidiarrhea in Mice (Mus Musculus) 2022-12-25T02:58:13+00:00 Adwisto Saktika Purohita Aulia Andi Mustika Lina Noviyanti Sutardi Amaq Fadholly <p>Shallots have been used for generations as traditional medicine, one of which is used in the treatment of diarrhea. This study determined the antidiarrheal activity of the shallot bulbs using intestinal protection and intestinal transit methods, and to determine the effective concentration that gives the best antidiarrheal effect in mice. This study used thirty mice and divided into six groups. The negative control group was given Tween 80 (1%), positive control group was given Loperamide HCl, and four various concentrations of shallot infusion treatment groups (1.25%, 2.5%, 5%, and 10 %). The treatment was given by the oral route. The parameters used in the intestinal protection method were frequency of defecation and feces consistency, while in intestinal transit method the parameters used were the percentage ratio of the marker trajectories compared to the overall length of the intestine. The results showed that the 1.25% concentration of shallot infusion indicated the best antidiarrheal activity and had a smaller ratio or stronger inhibition to intestinal peristaltic compared to all other concentrations, 2.5%, 5%, dan 10%. We concluded that shallot bulbs infusion with a concentration of 1.25% has the most effective anti-diarrheal effect. This research can be continued by measurement of other diarrheal parameters such as stool weight, as well as start and stop time of diarrhea to further clarify the anti-diarrheal potential of shallot bulb infusion.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Adwisto Saktika Purohita, Aulia Andi Mustika, Lina Noviyanti Sutardi, Amaq Fadholly Case Study: Removal of Calculi in The Bladder using Cystotomy Method in Female Pomeranian Mix Pekingese Dog at Winadi Vet Animal Clinic Malang 2022-12-21T07:01:59+00:00 Fenti Nursafitri Dian Vidiastuti Winda Syafitri <p>Urolithiasis is a disease caused by calculi, crystals, or excessive sediment in the urinary tract, which is generally composed of one or more types of minerals such as struvite, calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, uric acid, and cystine. A 10-year-old female Pomeranian mix Pekingese dog was referred to Winadi Vet Animal Clinic Malang with clinical signs of dysuria, strangury, and hematuria. The physical examination findings were lethargy, caudal abdominal pain, and bladder distension. Radiological examination results indicated distension in the urinary bladder containing two stones occupying with clear margins and radiopaque-like opacity, with lengths of 3.44 cm and 3.35 cm, respectively. Cystotomy to remove the calculi was performed by incision on the midline.The urinary bladder was closed using a two-layer closure suture type, the first layer used simple interrupted, and the second layer used simple continuous suture with 3-0 polyglactin (Vicryl®) suture. The animal recovered on the fourteenth day after surgery</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Fenti Nursafitri, Dian Vidiastuti, Winda Syafitri Case Report: Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku (PMK) pada Ternak Sapi Potong di Kabupaten Bangka Tengah, Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung 2022-12-16T03:40:59+00:00 Inawati Wulandani <p>Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a contagious animal disease with high morbidity and enormous economic losses. This disease is caused by the type A virus from the Picornaviride family, which can attack various species of animals with an even number of nails. Foot and mouth disease was endemic in Central Bangka Regency from the beginning of May to September 2022, and affected cattle reached 1,309 heads. This paper aimed to determine the prevalance of cases, existing disease symptoms, and recovery response to treatment. The method used was collecting data from Central Bangka Regency animal health officers from early May to September 14, 2022. The result was that the prevalence of FMD cases in the Pangkalan Baru sub-district was 44.60%, Simpang Katis sub-district 49.70%, the Namang sub-district 6.10%, the Koba sub-district 6.80% and Sungaiselan sub-district 0.54%. Symptoms experienced by the animals include hypersalivation/mouth discharge, anorexia, blistering lesions on the tongue, lips, gums and between rashes. Drug therapy includes antibiotics, antipyretics, vitamins, non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, feed premixes as well as routine spraying of disinfectants. Based on the report of the Field Veterinarian, the therapy provided good results without recurrence, and the clinical cure rate reached 96.72%.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Inawati Wulandani Manajemen Bedah Prolaps Membran Niktitan pada Anjing Beagle di DNA Animal Clinic Bogor 2022-12-21T04:10:47+00:00 Erina Bidari Utomo M. Arfan Lesmana Nofan Rickyawan Gegana Wimaldy Airlangga Soenarti D. Waspada <p>An 11-year-old female Beagle dog weighing 18 Kg was brought to the clinic with redness discoloration in her <br />right eye, a cherry like lump, and ocular discharge. Based on the clinical signs, the diagnosis was a prolaps of the <br />nictitating membrane or “Cherry Eye” with a fausta prognosis. The treatment was a surgery using the Morgan <br />Pocket method to maintain the mobility of the nictitating membrane and lymphoid tissue. The postoperative <br />therapy given was the anti-inflammatory drug meloxicam 0.2 mg/kg once a day orally and gentamicin eye ointment <br />(Genoint 0.3% Eye Oint) topically twice a day. Five days after the surgery and treatment, the dog's eyes had <br />improved, and there was no lump observable.</p> 2022-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Erina Bidari Utomo, Muhammad Arfan Lesmana, Nofan Rickyawan, Gegana Wimaldy Airlangga, Soenarti D. Waspada