Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal <p><a title="issn" href=""><strong>ISSN Online: 2622-1012</strong></a></p> <p>Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal (VBCJ) is a peer reviewed journal published by the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, that has been publishing articles periodically in January and July each year since 2019. VBCJ accommodates articles in any field of veterinary and biomedical science, as well as veterinary case reports.</p> <p><strong>Article type:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Original research article</li> <li>Case report</li> <li>Short communication</li> <li>Review</li> </ol> en-US (Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal) (Widi Nugroho) Sun, 28 Jan 2024 13:20:05 +0000 OJS 60 Management of Humeral Fracture in a Dog at Klinik Bersama Dokter Hewan Jungle Bekasi <p class="AbstractContents">A humeral fracture is a discontinuity of the humeral bone due to an injury or illness. A three-year-old black mongrel female dog weighing 12.5 kg was brought to the Jungle Veterinary Clinic in Bekasi City, Indonesia, due to lameness and swelling in the left front limb. The radiological examination indicated an oblique fracture of the distal diaphysis of the left humerus. Haematological and biochemistry tests indicated neutrophilia, leukocytosis, and decreased erythrocyte, haemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV and MCH levels, while the levels of globulin and ALP were elevated. An orthopaedic surgery was performed using cerclage wires in conjunction with the intramedullary pin approach to immobilize the fracture. Post-surgery medical treatments were oral Amoxicillin 20 mg/kg, tramadol 5 mg/kg, meloxicam 0.1 mg/kg, Curcuma™ ½ tablet, Sangobion™ ½ tablet, and Kalmicetin™ ointment for topical wound dressing twice a day. The surgical wound healed and front leg function improved seven days after surgery </p> Toni Aditya Prayoga, Rudi H. Panggabean, Nofan Rickyawan Copyright (c) 2023 Toni Aditya Prayoga Rudi H. Panggabean , Nofan Rickyawan Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Anaesthesia Management Strategies for Cystotomy in Dogs <p>Geriatric and Portosystemic shunts could increase the risk of anaesthetic drug toxicity during cystotomy in dogs experiencing urolithiasis. The study reviewed the use of anaesthesia in cystotomy in dogs, from case reports published during the period between 2012-2022, retreived using the Google Scholar search engine. Inclusion criteria for the review involved a detailed description of the examinations and treatments. Ten articles were reviewed and showed that the most frequently used premedication, - induction anaesthesia, and maintenance anaesthetic agents were Xylazine, Ketamine, and Isoflurane, consecutively. In geriatric cases, Atropine Sulphate, Diazepam and Xylazine were used as premedication, while Ketamine and Propofol were used as induction anaesthesia. In large breeds, Xylazine, Meloxicam, Atropine Sulphate, Diazepam, and Buprenorphine were used as premedication, while <br />Ketamine, Diazepam, and Propofol were used as – induction anaesthesia, and Isoflurane was used as maintenance anaesthesia. Considerations in using anaesthesia in different medical conditions are discussed.</p> Lintan Ayu Kisya, Dian Vidiastuti Copyright (c) 2023 Lintan Ayu Kisya, Dian Vidiastuti Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Parasites Prevalence of Dairy Cattle in Argopuro Area, Krucil District, Probolinggo Regency, Indonesia <p>This study aimed to identify endoparasitic species and their prevalence in dairy cows in the Probolinggo, Indonesia. This survey was conducted in the Cooperation of Argopuro, in the hill side of Krucil district, Probolinggo regency, during rainy season from March until July 2020. Faecal samples were collected (n=100), and three fecal examinations were performed for parasite identification: native, sedimentation, and flotation techniques. Results showed that the prevalence of endoparasitosis was 56%; 29% was due to helminthiases and the other 37% was of <em>Balantidium coli. Fasciola sp., Oesophagostomum sp., </em><em>Gaigeria pachyscelis, Toxocara vitulorum, Mecistocirrus digitatus, Chabertia </em><em>sp</em>. were among the helminths detected. The Lucient Brump test indicated that among samples infected with helminths (n=29), 89.7% were mild, 6.9% were moderate and 3.4% were severely infected. Further, the study estimated that the level of burden with Balantidium coli was identified to be mild in 62.2%, moderate in 32.4%, and severe in 5.4% of the positive samples, respectively (n=37). This study indicates that during the commencement of the rainy season, the campaign of effective endoparasitic control could be advisable in the study area</p> Giffari Danindra Pradana, Mufasirin, Sri Pantja Madyawati, Lucia Tri Suwanti, Kusnoto, Agus Sunarso, Suhita Aryaloka Copyright (c) 2023 Giffari Danindra Pradana, Mufasirin, Sri Pantja Madyawati, Lucia Tri Suwanti, Kusnoto, Agus Sunarso, Suhita Aryaloka Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Detection of Ectoparasites in Farmed Striped Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) in Karangpilang, Surabaya, Indonesia <p>This research aimed to identify ectoparasites infecting farmed striped catfish in Karangpilang Surabaya, Indonesia. Individual catfishes with visible lesions on the body surface and abnormal behaviors were included in the study. Mucilage samples of 90 fishes were examined under a microscope for the presence of ectoparasite on the body surface of the fish, in the area of gills, skins, fins, and tails. Gills were cut with scissors and combed with a tweezer. Skin and fin were also scrapped with a sterile scalpel. The mucus obtained was put on an object glass and was observed under the microscope. The fish pond water was analysed for Oxygen Demand (DO), pH and temperature three times two weeks apart, starting from the day of fish sampling. Results showed that 42.2% (n=90) of samples were infected by ectoparasites. The ectoparasites identified were <em>Gyrodactylus sp., Dactylogyrus sp., Trichodina sp.</em> and <em>Chilodonella sp</em>. Fish pond water in the study site was of suitable quality for the growth of catfish. This study suggested that pathogens other than ectoparasites play roles in the development of pathologic conditions of stripped catfishes in the study area.</p> Nadilla Chrisantya Yusuf Putri, Lucia Tri Suwanti, Sunaryo Hadi Warsito, Nunuk Dyah Retno Lastuti, Dadik Rahardjo, Suhita Aryaloka Copyright (c) 2023 Suhita Aryaloka, Nadilla Chrisantya Yusuf Putri, Lucia Tri Suwanti, Sunaryo Hadi Warsito, Nunuk Dyah Retno Lastuti, Dadik Rahardjo Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Effect of the Administration of Bovine Xenograft on the Accelerated Healing of Femoral Fracture in Domestic Dogs <p>Bovine xenografting is a method of grafting bovine bones to other species. This study aimed to determine the effect of the administration of bovine xenografts on accelerated healing in domestic dogs with femoral fractures. This study used a total of 4 dogs (two individuals as the treatment group and other two as the control group) diagnosed with diaphyseal femoral fractures. The bovine xenograft in the form of hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)) was synthesized in this study. The femur fracture surgery was carried out using the open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) method, followed by the administration of 10 grams of Hydroxyapatite powder from the bovine bone in <br />the fracture area, in the treatment group. The control group was not treated with Hydroxyapatite. Radiographic examinations were carried out on days 0, 14, and 45 post-operation. The parameters observed included the formation of radiopaque mass on the radiographic imaging, indicating the formation of calli around the fracture area. The radiographic examination showed that in the treatment group, the radiopaque mass was apparent on day 14 post-operation while it was not observable in the control group. On day 45 post-operation, the mass was more clearly visible in the treatment group, while it was barely visible in the control group. This research indicated that bovine xenograft has the potential to accelerate the fracture healing process in domestic dogs</p> Anggi Muhtar Pratama, Rais Dwi Abadi, Raka Bayu Ratrisono, Setyo Budhi, Dwi Kristanto Copyright (c) 2023 Anggi Muhtar Pratama, Rais Dwi Abadi, Raka Bayu Ratrisono, Setyo Budhi, Dwi Kristanto Sat, 30 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +0000