Detection of Ectoparasites in Farmed Striped Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) in Karangpilang, Surabaya, Indonesia


  • Nadilla Chrisantya Yusuf Putri Student of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Lucia Tri Suwanti Division of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Sunaryo Hadi Warsito Division of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Nunuk Dyah Retno Lastuti Division of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Dadik Rahardjo Division of Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Suhita Aryaloka Student of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia



ectoparasite, striped catfish, Surabaya


This research aimed to identify ectoparasites infecting farmed striped catfish in Karangpilang Surabaya, Indonesia. Individual catfishes with visible lesions on the body surface and abnormal behaviors were included in the study. Mucilage samples of 90 fishes were examined under a microscope for the presence of ectoparasite on the body surface of the fish, in the area of gills, skins, fins, and tails. Gills were cut with scissors and combed with a tweezer. Skin and fin were also scrapped with a sterile scalpel. The mucus obtained was put on an object glass and was observed under the microscope. The fish pond water was analysed for Oxygen Demand (DO), pH and temperature three times two weeks apart, starting from the day of fish sampling. Results showed that 42.2% (n=90) of samples were infected by ectoparasites. The ectoparasites identified were Gyrodactylus sp., Dactylogyrus sp., Trichodina sp. and Chilodonella sp. Fish pond water in the study site was of suitable quality for the growth of catfish. This study suggested that pathogens other than ectoparasites play roles in the development of pathologic conditions of stripped catfishes in the study area.


Afrianto, E., & Liviawaty, E. (1992). Pengendalian Hama dan Penyakit Ikan. Kasinus.

Akhira, D., Fahrimal, Y., & Hasan, M. (2013). Identification of Gastrointestinal Nematode Parasites in Hunting Dogs (Canis familiaris) in the Subdistrict of Lareh Sago Halaban West Sumatera. Jurnal Medika Veterinaria, 7(1).

Putri, W. A., Athaillah, F., Reza Ferasyi, T., & Alliza, D. (2018). Distribution and Prevalence of Ektoparasites in the Nila Fish (oreochromis nilotycus) which was Planted in Karamba Jala Lake Maninjau West Sumatera Province. Jurnal Imliah Mahasiswa Veteriner, 2(4), 532–537.

BPS Kota Surabaya. (2018). Kota Surabaya dalam Angka Tahun 2018.

Durborrow, R. M. (2003). Protozoan Parasites. SRAC Publication.

Gusrina. (2008). Budidaya Ikan (3rd ed.). Direktorat Jenderal Manajemen Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah Departemen Pendidikan Nasional.

Ha, N. T. K., Ha, T. T., Loi, N. T., Yen, D. T., & Huong, D. T. T. (2023). Effects of combined acidic sulfate water and salinity on the growth, survival and digestive enzyme activities of a salinity tolerant striped catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus) strain at the fingerling stage. AACL Bioflux, 16(3), 1459–1470.

Hansen, H., Cojocaru, C.-D., & Mo, T. A. (2016). Infections with Gyrodactylus spp. (Monogenea) in Romanian fish farms: Gyrodactylus salaris Malmberg, 1957 extends its range. Parasites & Vectors, 9(1), 444.

Haris, R. B. K., & Yusanti, I. A. (2019). The Analysis of Water Suitability for Floating Net Sprouts in Sirah Pulau Padang, Ogan Komering Ilir District, South Sumatra Province. Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands, 8(1), 20–30.

Iyaji, F., & Eyo, J. (2009). Parasites and their Freshwater Fish Host. Bio-Research, 6(1), 328–338.

Kabata, Z. (1985). Parasites and Diseases of Fish Cultured in the Tropics. Taylor and Francis.

Lisachov, A., Nguyen, D. H. M., Panthum, T., Ahmad, S. F., Singchat, W., Ponjarat, J., Jaisamut, K., Srisapoome, P., Duengkae, P., Hatachote, S., Sriphairoj, K., Muangmai, N., Unajak, S., Han, K., Na-Nakorn, U., & Srikulnath, K. (2023). Emerging importance of bighead catfish (Clarias macrocephalus) and north African catfish (C. gariepinus) as a bioresource and their genomic perspective. Aquaculture, 573, 739585.

Mahasri, G., & Kismiyati. (2011). Buku Ajar Parasit dan Penyakit Ikan I (Ilmu Penyakit Protozoa pada Ikan dan Udang). Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Airlangga.

Martin, S. W., Meek, A., & Willeberg, P. (1987). Veterinary Epidemiology. Iowa State University Press.

Noble, E. R., & Noble, G. A. (1989). Parasitology: The Biology of Animal Parasites (5th ed.). Lea & Febiger.

Noga, E. J. (2010). Fish Disease Diagnosis and Treatment. Iowa State University Press.

Putra, D. F., Ramadina, S., Mellisa, S., Abdullah Abbas, M., & He he, X. (2021). Endoparasites Infection in Blood Cockle (Anadara granosa) in Aceh Besar Waters, Indonesia. Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan - Indonesian Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 15(3), 97–102.

Putra, G. W., Prayogo, S., & Sumantriyadi, S. (2019). The Survival Rate and Growth of Siamese Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) in Temperature of Different Maintenance Media. Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perikanan Dan Budidaya Perairan, 14(2), 21–28.

Schelkle, B., Shinn, A., Peeler, E., & Cable, J. (2009). Treatment of gyrodactylid infections in fish. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 86(1), 65–75.

Setiadi, R. (2008). Efektivitas Perendaman 24 Jam Benih Ikan Lele Dumbo Clarias sp. dalam Larutan Paci-Paci (Leucas lavan Dulanefolia) terhadap Perkembangan Populasi Trichodina spp. Fakultas Perikanan dan Kelautan. Institur Pertanian Bogor.

Supu, Z. Y. (2020). Effect of Different Doses of Mangrove Leaf Juice on the Survival of Tilapia Seeds Infected with Parasite Trichodina sp. Jurnal Ilmiah Perikanan Dan Kelautan, 8(4), 74–78.

Surabaya Environmental Agency. (2012). Profil Keanekaragaman Hayati Kota Surabaya Tahun 2012

Tobler, M., Schlupp, I., García de León, F. J., Glaubrecht, M., & Plath, M. (2007). Extreme habitats as refuge from parasite infections? Evidence from an extremophile fish. Acta Oecologica, 31(3), 270–275.

Wardany, K. H. & Kurniawan, N. (2014). Eksplorasi Ektoparasit Pada Ikan Famili Cyprinidae Di Kolam Rumah Makan Wilayah Malang Raya. In Jurnal Biotropika, 2(2), 87–91.




How to Cite

Nadilla Chrisantya Yusuf Putri, Tri Suwanti, L., Hadi Warsito, S., Retno Lastuti, N. D., Rahardjo, D., & Aryaloka, S. (2023). Detection of Ectoparasites in Farmed Striped Catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) in Karangpilang, Surabaya, Indonesia. Veterinary Biomedical and Clinical Journal, 5(2), 63–69.




Most read articles by the same author(s)